Environmental reporting and greenhouse gas inventory of the Norwegian defence sector for 2019

FFI-Report 2020

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20/01849

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978-82-464-3283-0

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Simen Kirkhorn Tove Engen Karsrud Petter Prydz

The reports in the series “Environmental reporting and greenhouse gas inventory of the Norwegian defence sector” are published annually by the Norwegian Defence Research Establishment (FFI) and present data reported by the defence sector and associated partners to the Norwegian Defence Environmental Database (NDED). The reports provide an overview of results and trends for environmental aspects of the defence sector’s operations including waste production, energy expenditure, fuel consumption, use of ammunition, water consumption, chemicals and accidental emissions. Greenhouse gas emissions are presented in a greenhouse gas inventory.

Waste generation is reported to NDED by associated waste management companies contracted within the various regions of the Norwegian Defence Estate Agency (NDEA). The total amount of waste produced in 2019 was 18 894 tons, which represents an increase of 13 % compared to 2018. The degree of waste sorting was 68.5%, an increase of 7.3% compared to the previous year. 26.8% of the waste was recycled while 66.9% was processed with energy recovery.

Energy consumption associated with the defence sector’s buildings and properties in Norway is reported by NDEA through statistics from suppliers. The total energy consumption in buildings and other properties is estimated to 718 GWh in 2019, a reduction of 1 % compared to 2018. Of the energy used in 2019, 91% came from renewable sources, similar to the previous year.

Fuel consumption connected to the use of vehicles, aircraft, vessels and power generators was 93 185 m3 in 2019. This is an increase of 4.6 % compared to 2018. Fuel consumption on aircraft and vessels represents 91 % of the total fuel consumption in the defence sector.

The use of ammunition is reported and specified on a digital form (DBL-750) by organizational unit, shooting range and ammunition type. A total of 18 211 210 units of ammunition were reported used in 2019, which is an increase of 10 pp. compared to 2018. The degree of reporting is the relationship between ammunition provided to the armed forces and the proportion reported being used. The degree of reporting in 2019 was 84% (excluding blank ammunition), an increase of 13 pp. from 2018. The total emission of lead is decreased by 14% compared to 2018 although the reported use of lead-based small arms ammunition increased by 0.6 %.

Water consumption is reported by NDEA based on measured and estimated volumes. The total water consumption in 2019 was 2.05 million m3, an increase of 12.4% compared to 2018. The use of chemicals is reported from establishments within the sector where chemicals are used on a regular basis, but is with the exception of de-icing fluids insufficiently reported. 38 300 kg of aircraft deicing, and 389 378 kg of runway deicing fluids were reported from the defence sector’s airbases in 2019. The relative usage of urea to the total usage of runway deicing fluids was 76% in 2019, similar to 2018.

The greenhouse gas inventory consists of reported fuel- and energy use and emission factors associated with the various materials. The inventory is divided in direct and indirect emissions. Emissions from the defence sector’s activities were estimated to 260 694 tons of CO2-equivalents in 2019, and 343 226 tons of CO2-equivalents when including indirect emissions. This represents an increase of 4 % compared to 2018, which is associated with increased use of vessels and aircrafts.

There is a close relation between the demands and prerequisites which dictate the sector’s volume and pattern of activity and hence its total impact on the environment. It is therefore relevant to assess this impact in light of the tasks assigned to the defence sector within a dynamic political framework.

About publication

Report number

20/01849

ISBN

978-82-464-3283-0

Format

PDF-document

Size

1.9 MB

Download publication

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